How to Make Pretzels | Soft Pretzel Recipe (2024)

Tessa’s Recipe Rundown

Taste: The PERFECT quintessential pretzel flavor.
Texture:Slightly crisp at the edges but chewy throughout.
Ease: Truly easier than you think. Once you’ve made them a couple times, you can make a full batch in 1 hour from start to finish.
Pros: No rising time! Absolutely delicious.
Cons: For the most authentic pretzels, a lye bath will provide the best results which can be a bit of a hassle.
Would I make this again? We make these every other week.

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Whether it’s Oktoberfest, the Super Bowl, or you’re just in the mood, these German-inspired pretzels are shockingly easy to make! Once you get your pretzel shaping technique down (tips on that below), they seriously take less than 1 hour to make from start to finish.

That’s because there’s basically no rising time! Which means you could make them Sunday morning for the football game that afternoon… if that’s your thing. To be honest, the only part about football I care about is the snacks.

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I can’t take credit for this soft pretzel recipe. It was actually developed by my boyfriend, Joe, years before we began dating. He was inspired by a backpacking trip to Germany in his early 20s where he had his first authentic Bavarian pretzel and discovered how different they are from American mall pretzels.

When he asked how and why their pretzels are so different from American ones, so deeply browned and flavorful, he discovered authentic pretzels are bathed in a lye solution before baking. It makes a HUGE difference, which I’ve detailed below (including an alternative to the lye)!

How to Make Pretzels | Soft Pretzel Recipe (2) How to Make Pretzels | Soft Pretzel Recipe (3)

We worked together for weeks to test out the pretzel recipe to document it in detail in order for Handle the Heat bakers to recreate them in their own home kitchens. Below you’ll find practically everything you could ever want to know about baking the best pretzels of your life.

How to Make Soft Pretzels

Ingredients for Homemade Pretzels Recipe:

  • Active dry yeast – You can use instant yeast instead, but note that your pretzels may just be slightly more fluffy than chewy. Read our blog post on active dry vs. instant yeast.
  • Barley malt syrup This helps give the pretzels that distinct deep yet slightly bittersweet flavor. I ordered online, but have also seen it at some health food stores. If you can’t find this, simply use brown sugar (light or dark – the difference won’t be noticeable as it’s a small amount).
  • All-purpose flour – I’ve tested this recipe with bread flour and didn’t find that it made enough of a positive impact to recommend using it instead. AP works great here! To be specific, I tested with bleached Gold Medal AP flour. I’ve also very successfully tested this recipe swapping in 2 cups of Rye flour for AP flour which adds a lovely depth of flavor and even darker color!
  • Fine sea salt – This is for the dough.
  • Pretzel salt This is for sprinkling on the pretzels before baking. I’d highly recommend ordering the pretzel salt for the most impressive pretzels possible and best flavor. If that’s not an option, use coarse sea salt instead. Just note it’ll dissolve into the dough more.
  • Food grade lye More on this below.

How to Knead Soft Pretzel Dough:

I like to use my 6-quart Professional KitchenAid stand mixer with the dough hook attachment. This dough is quite stiff and dense, so if your stand mixer is on the small side or quite old, the motor may not want to knead it. You could always knead the dough by hand, it’ll just take some upper body strength and a few more minutes.

The Key to Perfect Pretzels? Lye!

Take a look at the pretzel comparison below. One was made by dipping the unbaked pretzels in a lye bath, the other by dipping in a boiled baking soda bath:

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You can see just how much darker the lye pretzels turn out! What you can’t see is they also have that distinct, slightly alkaline pretzel flavor and a chewier texture.

Lye has a pH of around 13 whereas baking soda has a pH of around 8. This extra alkalinity accelerates the Maillard reaction, allowing that caramelization to develop on the exterior of the pretzels. That ultra-deep color and slightly crispy, crunchy exterior crust is only made possible with lye. Lye is what professional bakers use, and it’s what’s authentic in a traditional Bavarian pretzel!

Do I Have to Use Lye?

No. You can prepare a baking soda bath instead. See more directions below. But if you want the most perfect pretzels possible, give lye a try! It’s not as scary as you may think.

Where to Buy Food-Grade Lye?

I know I just said not to be afraid of lye, but it is sodium hydroxide (also called caustic soda) which is the main ingredient in soap making and in products like Draino.

You can purchase food-grade lye most easily online or at some craft and hobby stores in the soap-making section.

How to Use Lye Safely

Lye is a caustic material, meaning if used improperly, it can cause chemical burns. Before you freak out, check out the safety tips below, and also remember that lye in this recipe’s application is diluted and therefore is similar to household bleach. Once lye is baked, it’s totally safe to eat.

  • Only use in a well-vented controlled area. You don’t want to do this in a small space without a window open or the fan on (blowing any fumes away).
  • Always add lye to water, never water to lye. The idea is to avoid any potential for splashing.
  • Use only heat-resistant plastic or glass containers to prepare your lye bath. Never use metal.
  • If lye does touch your clothes, remove that clothing item. If it touches your skin, simply run the skin under running water for a few minutes.
  • If you’re concerned about safety, use plastic gloves when handling the pretzels in the lye bath. For extra security, feel free to wear goggles and even a face mask (now that we all own one!).

How to Prepare a Lye Bath for Pretzels:

  1. In a well-vented area, place a plastic or glass container (do not use metal) on top of a few pieces of parchment paper to protect your counter from splashes.
  2. Carefully sprinkle the lye into the water. Use a heat-safe silicone spatula to carefully stir the lye to dissolve. The lye is dissolved when the water looks clear (the container will feel warm to the touch – this is normal).
  3. Dip a shaped pretzel into the lye bath for about 30 seconds. Remove and let drip off then place on the prepared greased parchment-lined baking sheets.

If you wind up making pretzels often, you may want to avoid using the same glass container each time. Lye is corrosive and will eventually weaken the glass. Your best bet is a dedicated high-quality plastic container.

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How to Prepare a Baking Soda Bath (lye alternative):

If working with lye isn’t an option for you, here are the directions for using baking soda instead. You simply dip the pretzels in boiling water that’s been alkalized with baking soda. Note that the pretzels will be much lighter in color and won’t have the same chewy texture.

For Baking Soda Bath:

  • 2/3 cup of baking soda
  • 10 cups of water

Directions: In a large pot, bring the baking soda and water to a boil. Boil the pretzels in small batches in the soda solution for about 45 seconds to 1 minute, pressing them down to submerge. Proceed with the recipe as written after the lye bath step.

Making Baking Soda More Alkaline

There are some ‘hacks’ online for baking the baking soda to increase its pH level from 8 to about 11. This is done by spreading the baking soda on a baking sheet and baking at 250°F for 2 hours. I don’t prefer this method because it’s time-consuming and the resulting baking soda is now caustic and corrosive. You may as well use lye, which is easy to order online.

Choose Your Own Pretzel Adventure:

As I see it, there are TWO pretzel journeys, aka options for customizing your soft pretzels.

  • One is what’s pictured in these photos: A more traditional Bavarian-style pretzel with a deeply browned exterior and chewy texture. The recipe as written will yield this result.
  • The other is a more American-ized pretzel that’s lighter in color and fluffier in texture. A pretzel reminiscent of those frozen pretzels many of us grew up eating or even the shopping mall pretzels.
  • If you prefer the latter, use a baking soda bath instead of lye. You can also allow the shaped pretzels to rise for about 30 minutes before dipping in baking soda and baking. This will create a fluffier texture (but also less distinct pretzel shapes).
  • For a last option on this journey, brush the freshly baked pretzels with melted butter.

How to Shape Pretzels:

Shape the log into a letter U. Cross the arms placing one over the other, then twist them around each other once. Bring the ends down to the bottom of the U and gently press to stick. Place on two greased parchment-lined baking sheets.

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How to Make Pretzel Buns:

After you portion the dough into ten equal pieces, take one piece and begin to grab bits of the dough from the top to bring around to the bottom to create a smooth ball shape. Roll around on a clean counter to smooth out further. Bake as the recipe states.

How to Serve Pretzels:

Serve them with my Beer Cheese Dip or simply alongside some whole grain mustard or spicy honey mustard.

You can also slice pretzels open, toast them, and smear them with cream cheese for a pretzel-bagel situation.

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How to Store Pretzels:

Store in an airtight container at room temperature for up to 2 days. Reheat in the toaster oven at 350°F for a few minutes to refresh.

How to Freeze Pretzels (best option!):

Store the baked pretzels in an airtight container in the freezer for up to 2 months. The longer they’re frozen, the more the pretzel salt will dissolve into the pretzels, but they’ll still taste great.

Defrost by letting them sit on the counter for about an hour. Or, simply microwave for about 30 seconds. If desired for a crispier texture, once defrosted, refresh in the toaster oven for about 5 minutes.

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How to Make

Homemade Pretzel Recipe

By: Tessa Arias

Yield: 10 pretzels

Prep Time: 45 minutes mins

Cook Time: 16 minutes mins

Total Time: 1 hour hr 1 minute min

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How to make the BEST Homemade Pretzels you'll ever eat! These traditional Bavarian-style pretzels have a deeply browned exterior and chewy texture. Surprisingly easy to make. Thanks to my boyfriend Joe for helping me develop this recipe!

Ingredients

For the pretzels:

  • 1 tablespoon active dry yeast
  • 1 tablespoon barley malt syrup or light brown sugar
  • 1 1/2 cups (355 grams) warm water (about 110°F), divided
  • 5 cups (635 grams) all-purpose flour
  • 3/4 teaspoon fine salt

For the lye bath:

  • 2 tablespoons (40 grams) food grade lye, see notes for baking soda alternative
  • 1 liter (1000 grams) water, room temperature
  • Pretzel salt or coarse salt

Instructions

  • Preheat the oven to 400°F. Line two baking sheets with parchment paper or silicone baking mats. Spray with nonstick cooking spray or grease with butter.

Make the dough:

  • In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the dough hook, combine the yeast, barley malt syrup/sugar, and 1/4 cup of the water. Whisk to combine. Let stand for 5 minutes or until frothy.

  • Add the remaining 1 1/4 cups water, flour, and salt, and stir to combine. Mix on low speed until combined.

  • Increase speed to medium and knead for five minutes until the dough is elastic and smooth and doesn’t stick to the sides of the bowl or your hands, adding more flour if needed. This will be a very dense dough, so be careful not to step away from your mixer in case it decides to jump on the counter.

Shape the pretzels:

  • There is no need to allow this dough to rise. Remove the dough to a clean work surface (do not flour). Divide into 10 equal pieces (each should be about 100 grams). Roll each piece against the counter or between your palms into about a 24-inch long log. The thinner the log, the crispier the pretzels. The thicker, the softer the pretzels.

  • Shape the log into a letter U. Cross the arms placing one over the other, then twist them around each other once. Bring the ends down to the bottom of the U and gently press to stick. Place on two greased parchment-lined baking sheets.

  • If you prefer softer spongier pretzels, allow the shaped pretzels to rise for 30 minutes before bathing in the lye.

Prepare the lye bath:

  • Refer to the safety disclaimer in the blog post before using lye. If lye isn’t an option, see the baking soda bath directions below. Place safety gloves and goggles on, and a face mask too if you prefer. In a well-vented area, place a plastic or glass container (do not use metal) on top of a few pieces of parchment paper to protect your counter from splashes. Carefully sprinkle the lye into the water. Use a silicone spatula to carefully stir the lye to dissolve. The lye is dissolved when the water looks clear.

  • Dip a shaped pretzel into the lye bath for about 30 seconds. Remove to the prepared greased parchment-lined baking sheets. Use a paring knife to score two slices into the thickest part of each pretzel. Sprinkle with pretzel salt as desired. Repeat until all pretzels have been lye dipped, scored, and salted.

Bake the pretzels:

  • Bake both trays at 400°F for about 16 minutes, alternating the trays halfway through the baking time for even baking, until deeply golden brown. Bake for less time for softer pretzels and more time for crispier pretzels.

  • Let cool for 5 minutes before peeling away from the parchment paper. Serve warm or at room temperature the same day you bake the pretzels. To store, freeze the pretzels in an airtight container for up to 1 month.

Show us!If you make this recipe, be sure to snap a picture and share it on Instagram with #handletheheat so we can all see!

Recipe Notes

Baking Soda Bath Alternative

If working with lye isn’t an option for you, here are the directions for using baking soda instead. Note that the pretzels will be much lighter in color and won’t have the same chewy texture.

Ingredients for baking soda bath:

  • 2/3 cup of baking soda
  • 10 cups of water

Directions:

In a large pot, bring the baking soda and water to a boil. Boil the pretzels in small batches in the soda solution for about 1 minute, pushing the pretzels into the water to submerge occasionally. Proceed with the recipe as written after the lye bath step.

This recipe was published in 2021 and has been updated with additional baking tips. Photos by Joanie Simon.

January 2022 Baking Challenge

This recipe was the January 2022 selection for our monthly baking challenge! Every month you can join the challenge by baking the recipe and snapping a photo for a chance to win prizes! Learn more about my monthly baking challenges here. Check out everyone’s pretzels:

How to Make Pretzels | Soft Pretzel Recipe (13)

How to Make Pretzels | Soft Pretzel Recipe (2024)

FAQs

What is the secret ingredient which makes a pretzel taste like a pretzel? ›

Lye. The dough is simple; take a basic yeast-risen dough that can be readied in an afternoon. But the trick to great pretzels is dipping the pretzels in a liquid wash before baking — and not just any wash, but a combination of water and lye. That's what gives pretzels their terrific color, texture and flavor.

How is a pretzel made? ›

Pretzel recipes are very simple, usually a slightly enriched yeast dough. What makes them pretzels is the shaping and the use of a bath in boiling water to form that tight, golden brown skin. Traditionally, the water bath contained lye, but nowadays, most people use either baking soda or non-diastatic malt powder.

What is the process for making a hard pretzel vs a soft pretzel? ›

Soft pretzels have a shorter baking time

Soft pretzels can usually be baked in 15 minutes; hard pretzels, meanwhile, must be baked for up to an hour. The longer baking time further dries out the pretzel. And, as we have discussed, the lack of moisture is what gives the hard pretzel its brittle texture.

What is the secret ingredient in pretzels? ›

Traditional Bavarian pretzels are dipped in a lye solution before they are baked. Lye, also known as sodium hydroxide, is essentially the same stuff that's used to make soap and clean drains. It can even dissolve glass.

What is the lie for making pretzels? ›

The lye bath is a very dilute 1% solution, and the raw pretzels are only submerged for about 20 seconds. The lye (NaOH) reacts with acidic protein groups on the surface of the dough, in addition to carbon dioxide and water in the oven. By the end of baking, lye pretzels are harmless and perfectly edible.

What is the best flour for pretzels? ›

Bread flour is best used for, you guessed it, breads. This is fine for pretzels, but if you don't plan to make that much bread, buying bread flour for just one thing can seem like a waste. All-purpose flour can be used for a wide variety of baked goods, including cookies, muffins, pie crusts, and breads.

How are American pretzels made? ›

Pretzels are uniquely shaped baked snacks manufactured from a lean and stiff fermented wheat flour dough. They are typically treated with a sodium hydroxide or other alkali salts prior to baking and topped with coarse or Kosher salt. They are available in a variety of flavors and colors.

What gives pretzels their flavor? ›

What Gives Pretzels Their Pretzel Flavor? You have baking soda to thank for that distinct pretzel flavor. Baking soda is highly alkaline and imparts that subtly metallic taste onto the dough before your pretzels go into the oven. Some recipes call for a lye bath, which does the same thing.

What's the difference between a pretzel and a soft pretzel? ›

Texture: New York City pretzels tend to be softer and chewier than Pennsylvania pretzels. This is because they are typically made with a higher proportion of water in the dough, which results in a softer texture.

Do you have to boil pretzels before baking? ›

Like bagels, pretzels are made in boiling water prior to baking to give them their snappy outsides and chewy insides (messy!). Soft pretzels must be boiled, or dipped in a baking soda bath (or lye if you're gusty and strict with your pretzel traditions). THEN, they can be baked.

Why boil pretzel dough in baking soda? ›

Furthermore, we've introduced the baking soda bath. While it sounds strange, this step is what gives pretzels that iconic flavor, chewy texture, helps deepen their golden color in the oven, and locks in the super soft interior.

Why does my pretzel dough keep shrinking? ›

The tendency of pretzel dough to shrink is a common characteristic, primarily due to the insufficient relaxation of gluten. To address this, it is recommended to cover the dough and allow it to rest. This resting period allows the gluten to relax, making the dough more pliable.

What's the difference between regular dough and pretzel dough? ›

Soft pretzels are just a yeast bread is that formed into a pretzel shape. The one big difference in pretzel making, as opposed to a regular bread, is that pretzels are boiled and then baked. It is the boiling that gives the outside of the pretzel its beautiful golden brown color and uniquely crisp and chewy texture.

How do you make pretzel dough rise faster? ›

Place the covered dough near, but not on, the preheated oven. Some cleared off counter space right next to the oven will work. The heat coming from the oven will speed up the rising process. Let the dough rise until it's doubled in size.

What is the secret solution for Auntie Anne's pretzels? ›

While dough is rising, prepare a baking soda water bath with 2 cups warm water and 2 tbsp baking soda. Be certain to stir often. After dough has risen, pinch off bits of dough and roll into a long rope (about 1/2 inch or less thick) and shape. Dip pretzel in soda solution and place on greased baking sheet.

Why do pretzels taste the way they do? ›

On the one hand, lye gives pretzels their distinctive flavor, kind of a sharp flatness, if that makes sense. It's what keeps a pretzel from tasting like pretzel-shaped bread. On the other hand, lye is ridiculously dangerous. It will burn you if it gets on your skin and blind you if it gets in your eyes.

What makes pretzels smell like pretzels? ›

After removing other scent molecules individually, the researchers found two molecules that are essential to the unique pretzel scent: 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline, which has a roasted smell, and 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2H)-furanone, which has a caramel smell.

What is pretzel flavor? ›

Tasting Notes:

The typical pretzel has a pleasant cracker-like flavor, a crisp, brittle texture and a brown glossy surface color. Salt crystals are often sprinkled on its surface to make them taste more appealing. Pretzels have a moisture content of anywhere from 2-4% and therefore have a very long shelf life.

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